Alternative names: Origin: Eastern France, 18th century. Tuning: Often tuned to an open C chord. Strings/Courses: No standard. Further notes: Was taken by French immigrants to America. A similar instrument, the German Scheitholt was also taken by German immigrants to America and the two became the Dulcimer. The frets can either be diatonic or chromatic or a mixtre of both. Steel strings. Scale Length: A wide variety. Usually between 450-680mm
- See Akintong
Alternative names: Iktar, Ektar, Gopichand, Gobijeu Origin: India Tuning: N/A Strings/Courses: 1/1 Further notes: Usually a metal string, but can also be nylon or anything else. The pitch is altered by pushing in the flexible sides. Scale Length:
Alternative names: Endingiri, Eningiri, Indingiti. Origin: Uganda. Tuning: No standard. Strings/Courses: 1/1 Further notes: Scale Length: No standard.
Alternative names: Nanhu Origin: China, 10th century. Tuning: D4, A4 Strings/Courses: 2/2 Further notes: Steel strings. Scale Length: The standard is 380-400mm, but this is often altered slightly to the musician's taste.
Alternative names: Israj Origin: Bengal, India, 1800's. Tuning: No absolute pitch, but the strings are tuned to set intervals depending on the ragas being played. Strings/Courses: 4/4 Further notes: Scale Length: 700mm.